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Gender and Sexual Identities


Asexual means, Sex is not something they think about because they are more focused on Romantic, emotional and human connections.


Someone who is questioning or exploring bisexuality, which typically includes curiosity about one’s romantic or sexual attraction to people of the same or different gender.


Bisexuality means that a person feels sexual, romantic or emotional attraction towards Male and Female.

Fluid Sexuality

Sexuality, sexual attraction and sexual behaviour can change over time and be dependent on the situation.

Gay / Homosexual

A sexuality where a person feels sexual, romantic or emotional attraction to people of the same, or a similar, gender as themselves.


Also referred to as 'straight'. A term that describes people who experience sexual, romantic or emotional attraction to people of the 'opposite' sex to themselves (for example a man feeling attracted to women or a women feeling attracted to men).


A woman or female-identified person who experiences sexual, romantic or emotional attraction to people of the same, or a similar, gender.


Sexual, romantic, or emotional attraction to any person, regardless of that person’s gender, sex or sexuality.


Use of the word queer opens up options beyond lesbian, gay and bisexual to individuals who don’t fit neatly into these categories or prefer a category that isn’t dependent on sex and gender.


The process of being curious about or exploring some aspect of sexuality or gender. Questioning can also be used as an adjective to describe someone who’s currently exploring their sexuality or gender.

Gender Expression

This is based on the appearance of one’s gender identity, usually expressed through behaviour, clothing, haircut or voice, and which may or not conform to behaviours defined by society and characteristics typically associated with being masculine or feminine.


This is an umbrella term for people whose gender identity is different from the sex they were assigned at birth. Being transgender does not imply any specific sexual orientation.


Transitioning is the time period during which a person begins to live according to their gender identity, rather than the gender they were thought to be at birth. While not all transgender people transition, a great many do at some point in their lives.


Someone whose gender identity aligns with the gender they were assigned at birth.


A gender identity and an umbrella term for people whose identity falls outside the male/female gender binary. Some people do not identify completely or at all with the gender they were assigned at birth – some people have no gender at all. If someone tells you they’re nonbinary, it’s always important to ask what being nonbinary means to them.


A non-binary identity for people that have no gender at all. This term also falls under the trans umbrella.


This is not a gender identity and should not be lumped under the trans umbrella. It describes someone born with anatomical, hormonal and/or chromosomal variations in their sex characteristics meaning someone was born with both male and female sex characteristic in their body.


A person who identifies as genderfluid has a gender identity and presentation that shifts between, or shifts outside of, society’s expectations of gender.

How To Be A Good Ally

Respect people’s names
Use the name and gender a trans person tells you to use. Don’t ask what their ‘real’ name or gender is – this is disrespectful and distressing.

Gender identity and gender expression are different
Gender identity is someone’s own personal sense of their own gender. Gender expression is how they choose to reflect their gender identity in their physical appearance.

Don’t make assumptions about someone’s gender based on the way they dress
It may not reflect their gender identity or the appearance usually associated with their gender identity.

Use correct pronouns
Some people prefer gender-neutral pronouns such as they/their and ze/zir. If you are unsure which pronoun to use, wait for an appropriate moment and ask. Alternatively, indicate the pronouns you use first – this gives people an opportunity to say theirs too.

Appreciate gender diversity
All gender identities are valid and should be supported equally. If someone’s gender is outside of the gender binary or they don’t have a gender identity at all, it simply reflects the diversity of people’s identities.

Respect everyone, support everyone and always be friendly and do not judge them because you do not understand. If you do not understand, then ask and they will explain. Try your best to be open minded and be understanding.




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